Thyroid gland in the absence of hormones or poor hormonal stimulation of tissues can cause: low basal temperatures, unusually long cycles, anovulatory cycles, strong menstruation, unexplained infertility, spontaneous abortion or low sexual desire. Any shift from the normal functioning of the thyroid gland is closely related to the change in fertility.

Deficiency of iodine can cause new civilization illnesses or mental retardation in children. During pregnancy, an unborn baby is seriously threatening the development of the brain and the central nervous system, which can no longer be corrected in the next period of life. Iodine deficiency also causes learning disabilities in children, fatigue, concentration disturbances, slowed reflexes, decreased IQ, weakening of the immune system, decreased blood levels of hemoglobin - anemia, bronchitis, depression and internal discomfort, menstrual cycle disorders in women, pregnancy problems even infertility.

It can also cause fertility disorders in men, weight gain, sexual development disorders, cold feeling in the limbs, pain and muscle cramps, tendons, hair loss, swelling, in the area of ​​the eyes or dry skin.

Especially dangerous is the severe lack of iodine during pregnancy and early life in the child, which can lead to serious and permanent damage to the development of the central nervous system. Even a lower rate of iodine deficiency in the maternal body and early childhood age adversely affects proper mental and physical development with subsequent learning and understanding problems, possibly reducing intelligence.


The Public Health Office of the Slovak Republic has published recommended nutritional benefit for the population of the Slovak Republic, where the increased need for iodine in pregnant and breastfeeding women is confirmed. The recommended daily dose for the normal population is 150 micrograms per day. For pregnant and breast-feeding women, daily iodine intake should be increased to 250 micrograms per day.

The thyroid gland develops in the mom's belly from the 12th week of pregnancy and starts producing its own hormones from the 16th week of pregnancy. Therefore, it is important for the mother to have enough iodine in the first weeks of pregnancy. During pregnancy, a baby is totally dependent on maternal iodine delivery and is also breastfeeding during breastfeeding.

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